For years, publishers have provided ePub (ahead of print) articles to make information available before the final printed version of an article becomes available. Some publishers after the volume, issue, and pagination metadata become available do not update the year that the early ePub listed. All major citation styles (APA, Chicago, Harvard, Vancouver, etc.) and most university and grant makers require that the actual publication year (not the ePub date/year) is included in the reference. SafetyLit has now finalized a system for verifying that when articles are “printed” the ePub date will be updated to the date of actual publication. Journals that are published electronically (online only) will also have the proper release year.

SafetyLit was recently mentioned in the wonderful Bluesyemre – information matters blog of free and interesting things on the internet. I feel quite honored to be included. I think that readers of this diary will also appreciate the Bluesyemre site that is carefully maintained by Emre Hasan Akbayrak, the director of Atılım University Kadriye Zaim Library which is based in Ankara, Turkey.

Source: #SafetyLit on Bluesyemere

John C. Burnham, professor of history at Ohio State University resently contributed electronic versions of the notes and citations to his book, Accident Prone: A history of technology, psychology, and misfits of the machine age (2009). Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ISBN-13: 978-0-226-08117-5. The book was very favorably reviewed by David Hemenway in Injury Prevention (2011),  doi: 10.1136/ip.2011.031658.

The book traces the birth, growth, and decline of the concept of “accident proneness.” The book provides a prehistory of modern concepts of injury prevention through to more modern ideas that replaced the “the worker is responsible for avoiding danger” policies of the past.

There are two kinds of reform: the inside or the desire right and the outside or the compelled-right. A workman who has been taught to avoid danger, and thus desires to avoid danger, illustrates the first kind; the workman who must be kept out of danger by preventive safety appliances represents the second kind… All reform for must come from inside. Christ taught that, and every sensible man must admit it. An obcessed desire to avoid danger, a vivid outlook and continual avoidance of places where it lurks are the greatest preventatives of accidents in the world. The mind which controls the hands and body must be trained automatically to keep all portions of the physical self in complete safety from dangerous places. An enlightenment of the mind is superior to any number of iron hoods or preventive bars around dangerous machinery. What I mean is that the workman’s mind must be subconsciously on alert. Safety must be so inwrought into the fabric of his subconsciousness that he will unconsciously avoid danger. Teach him to defend himself, instead of trying to defend him from himself. The only way to get his brain and subconsciousness thoroughly saturated with this automatic idea of safety, this alert desire to defend himself, is to have its importance beating continually in upon his gray matter. Advertisers who have made fortunes know this psychological truth. I have often thought that an ad’ writer for avoidance of accidents, if not a good paying employment, would certainly be a worthy one. Some such conspicuous signs as: Machinery does not think; men do; therefore be careful. A think before being hurt is worth 1 million thinks after. Danger is no respecter of persons. This room is full of it. Machinery is active; some brains are not. Beware! Such signs should be displayed conspicuously and their positions shifted every few days, as well as different signs, posters, pictures of men getting hurt, a family meeting over a dead father, electric signs, etc. If owners of plants exercised as great care in reaching by advertising the minds of their employees in regard to their safety from accidents, it would pay even better often times then reaching after the brains of their customers. Safety engineering 1914. 28(3): 242-243

Special Thanks to Dr. Burnham for providing an electronic copy of the bibliographic notes that accompany each chapter. This greatly facilitated adding previously unidentified records to the SafetyLit database. SafetyLit users may obtain a listing of the book’s references by searching using the following Textword(s) Exact query: “Burnham-Accident-Prone”.  This project will be ongoing for the next several months. As of this writing, only about 60 of the citations have been added. The citation style (Chicago, full note) used by the author does not require journal issue numbers and includes the book author comments rather than the original abstract that acconpanied each published report. SafetyLit is providing the the authors’ abstracts and full metadata (including issue numbers and other items) so that SafetyLit users may be assisted in citing these publications in reference styles that require that metadata.

With the help of several volunteers, the website has been translated from English into 16 languages. Some of the translations were done by people with little knowledge of injury prevention issues.
Please help to improve the translations.

The static parts of the SafetyLit website is available in the following languages:

  • Arabic
  • Chinese
  • English
  • French
  • German
  • Greek
  • Hebrew
  • Italian
  • Japanese
  • Korean
  • Persian
  • Portuguese
  • Russian
  • Spanish
  • Swedish
  • Thai
  • Vietnamese

The website has automatic localization according to the language settings on a visitor’s browser. To see translations to other languages, use the drop-down menu at the top right of the page.  When an article originates in a Language other than English, we try to include the title and abstract in the author(s)’s original language. Most articles written in English do not have translations. Thus, we plan to add optional Google machine translations of the titles and abstracts. (See the websites of Taylor and Francis journals for an example of how this might be implemented.) I hope that we can add this feature by the end of 2014.

The translations use the Transifex Live service. This allows translators to edit a side-by-side view of each paragraph with their translation effort and to comment on the existing translations. This will allow several translators to work to achieve consensus on the best version of the text in their language. If you are interested in volunteering as a translator, please write to David Lawrence at Be sure to include the language. You will receive instructions on how to participate.

This week the SafetyLit Foundation reached its 1 year mark.

Thank you to all who have provided financial support.

During the past year we discovered and are monitoring more than 275 journals that contain articles relevant to injury prevention issues. With the addition of these journals the number of items in the SafetyLit Weekly Update Bulletin has increased from an average of about 300 articles a week to about 400 articles.


The Society for the Advancement of Violence and Injury Research (SAVIR) – announces the creation of a new database and library to assist injury and violence scientists and practitioners. The project was led by Carol Runyan, PhD at the Colorado School of Public Health’s Pediatric Injury Prevention, Education and Research (PIPER) Program with funding from the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. Drs. Andrea Gielen, Fred Rivara, Karin Mack, and David Lawrence, rounded out the team.

To date, the project has created an initial compendium of recent non-proprietary instruments and data collection forms (surveys, questionnaires, assessment forms, etc.) addressing selected topics in unintentional child injury. Dr. Lawrence, Director of the SafetyLit® Foundation, Inc., will continue to build and maintain the database going forward. Ultimately, the team seeks to expand the database to include all injury and violence topics and instruments suitable for research and evaluation of both child and adult injury and injury risk-factors issues.

The purpose of the SAVIR Instrument Library is to enhance consistency in data collection across projects so that when evaluators or researchers are planning new projects they don’t “reinvent the wheel”. Ultimately, the goal is to enhance the quality of research and evaluation in the field, while also increasing efficiency.

View a sample SAVIR Instrument Library record.

To search the Instrument Library go to the SafetyLit Advanced Search Page, enter your search term and (using the publication limit drop-down menu) select “Research Forms and Instruments”. To view all instruments in the library, enter “Instrument:” (without the quotation marks) in the Textword(s) Exact field, limit your search as above and click Search Archive.

Further information about how you can provide your form or instrument will be available soon.

David W. Lawrence, Ph.D., Director of the SafetyLit Foundation
Beverly E. Kingston, Ph.D., Director of the Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence

The VioLit database lost its funding and ceased adding new content several years ago. Now the VioLit database site is unavailable. Its contents have been transferred to the SafetyLit database.

VioLit, as the abbreviated title indicates, has been a bibliographic database about violence literature published by Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence (CSPV), a research program of the Institute of Behavioral Science (IBS) at the University of Colorado at Boulder. This database covers information about violence, primarily juvenile violence, from books, literature reviews, journal articles and reports. In recent years, funding problems have delayed posting of VioLit updates. For some time, the database has been off-line.

SafetyLit is a free service presented without advertising by the SafetyLit Foundation in cooperation with the Department of Health and Human Services at San Diego State University and the World Health Organization. SafetyLit has always had a broad focus that covers unintentional injuries and self-harm as well as interpersonal violence.

Although VioLit and SafetyLit have always had some overlap in contents, each has violence-related material that was not in the other. Further, the VioLit records contain the added value of keywords and index terms that enhance searching. Also, many VioLit records have expanded abstracts with useful commentary added by CSPV staff. When we found overlapping items, the VioLit expanded summaries and keywords were added to the SafetyLit records. The VioLit keyword system terms have been added to the SafetyLit thesaurus.

Many libraries continue to include VioLit among their links to free bibliographic databases. These VioLit links are forwarded to the UC Boulder, Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence homepage. Although a link to the SafetyLit database may be found there, we recommend that libraries add a direct link to the SafetyLit database at

See the announcement on the Special Libraries Association Social Science Division website: